Tsetse fly infestation are associated with enormous disease burden in Africa. They live by feeding on the blood of vertebrate animals and are biological vectors of trypanosomes, which cause Sleeping Sickness and Trypanosomiasis (Nagana) in humans and animals respectively. Tsetse occurs in approximately 70% of Uganda. The prevalence of the vector has affected the resilience of many livestock communities in Uganda.
The study shows that the presence of wildlife conservation areas and other biophysical factors including altitude and livelihood activities affect distribution and prevalence of tsetse flies in Karamoja. Approaches that combine both conventional and traditional measures of should be integrated into tsetse fly control in Karamoja region.
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