For centuries, Kashaasha, a village in Bufundi, Rubanda district in Western Uganda, has lived on substance farming.
As smallholder farmers, the people of Kashaasha like millions of other smallholders in sub-Saharan Africa, are vulnerable and have lived and remain in poverty. They lack security of tenure and rights to resources, and rely unswervingly on climate-sensitive natural resources for their livelihoods. The conditions that have trapped them in abject poverty. “We have 11 children, we depend on the two small pieces of land which no longer yield enough food for our children, water is also a problem because we use a shallow well which we share with community animals, this dirty water makes us remain sickly throughout the year,” says Deogratious Nsabimana, one of the residents.
Fortunately, Jaconious Musingwire, the area focal person for National Environment Authority (NEMA) Western Uganda says this situation can be reversed especially by managing climate risks through adopting climate smart agricultural practices like organic manure use, rain water harvesting, use of improved seeds and use of terraces to manage soil erosion.In the fight against rural poverty through climate change mitigation and adaptation, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is working with Uganda’s Ministry of Local Government on the Project for Restoration of Livelihoods in the Northern Region (PRELNOR) with the aim of increasing sustainable production, productivity and climate resilience of smallholder farmers and providing increased and profitable access to domestic and export markets.
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